Questions and Answers

Many readers send us questions about particular aspects of cargo transport. To answer the questions, we have launched a project where we consult logistics experts about the topics that interest our readers. Send us your questions regarding transport, storage, forwarding, customs and documentation, implementation of customs regulations by customs authorities and customs agents, representation of clients in customs procedures, administrative, misdemeanor, and judicial procedures related to customs matters, insurance of goods in transit, carrier insurance…

We will provide answers from competent experts. We will publish a new question and answer here every week – stay tuned!

Customs and Transport Law

The customs authorities do not have a uniform position on this issue. Our practice is that the customs authorities’ positions are contradictory: in one case the customs authorities state that in the post-clearance audit procedure it is not possible to use evidence from other procedures (e.g., analysis of samples of the composition of goods from customs declarations that are not subject to the same post-clearance audit).

On the other side, we have cases where the customs authorities state that,evidence that was not presented in the specific post-clearance audit procedure, can be used in this the procedure. The answer to this question is essential when evaluating whether importers can be committed to paying customs debts three years back on the basis of evidence from other procedures, i.e., evidences which are not presented in a specific post-clearance audit procedure. To evaluate accuracy of data in customs declarations subject to control in the post clearance procedure, audit team is obliged to determine relevant facts and to present evidence supporting the facts exclusively in the respective post clearance procedure.

Ivan Milošević, Partner

Janez Vončina, Senior Associate

Law Office JPM Janković Popović Mitić

The previous Customs Law stipulated that incorrect tariffing of goods means entering a tariff heading that is different in relation to the data on the nature of the goods (Article 294, paragraph 1, item 5). The new Customs Law prescribes that incorrect tariffing is the presentation of incorrect or untrue data, i.e. acting in any other way (Article 267, paragraph 1, item 2).

The first-instance courts hold the charged legal entities not responsible for misdemeanourbecause the new Customs Law does not incriminate the action the entry of a tariff heading which is different in relation to the data on the nature of the goodsas misdemeanour. The courts refer to the case law of the highest court instance according to which “with the expiration of the law, the possibility of its application for acts undertaken during its validity does not cease if the new law treats the same act as punishable but with stricter penalties so that the law is not more lenient.”

In addition, the courts consider that the legislator, in the transitional provisions of the new Customs Law, was obliged to explicitly indicate that the misdemeanour under Article 267, paragraph 1, item 2 consumes the misdemeanourunder Article 294, paragraph 1, item 5 of the previous Customs Law. The Misdemeanour Court of Appeals does not share the opinion of the first instance misdemeanour courts. We believe that the Constitutional Court should remove this uncertainty and bring legal certainty to the business of importers and freight forwarders.

Ivan Milošević, Partner

Janez Vončina, Senior Associate

Law OfficeJPM Janković Popović Mitić

Recently, misdemeanour courts have been supporting the position that customs agents are responsible for presenting incorrect information, i.e. the accuracy of data in the customs declaration (incorrect tariffing). This position is explained in such a way that the customs agents participated in the customs clearance procedure, i.e. filled in the customs declaration, and that they are thus responsible for entering the tariff heading which was subsequently determined to be untrue.

On the other hand, the judgments of the misdemeanour courts state that importers (recipients of goods) cannot be responsible for the misdemeanour from Article 267, paragraph 2 of the Customs Law, because they were not the ones that entered the data in the customs declaration. At the same time, the courts consider that the fact whether it is a direct or indirect representation is not important for determining the responsibility for entering the data in the customs declaration. Article 12 paragraph 3 of the Customs Law, the violation of which is incriminated by Article 267 paragraph 2 of the Customs Law, prescribes that the declarant is responsible for the accuracy of the data in the customs declaration. The question is who is really responsible for the accuracy of the data in the customs declaration and who is considered to be the declarant referred to in Article 4, paragraph 1, item 15 of the Customs Law.

Ivan Milošević, Partner

Janez Vončina, Senior Associate

Law Office JPM Janković Popović Mitić

Transport and Logistics

Refrigerated container shipping, commonly known as “reefer” shipping, allows for the efficient delivery of many products around the world while maintaining their quality and safety during transit.

The main characteristic of refrigerated containers – or reefer containers – is their ability to maintain a set temperature during transport, which requires an electrical power supply. Because refrigerated containers can be heavier than regular containers, additional machinery and equipment may be required for loading and unloading.

Reefer containers are used in a variety of industries, including food, pharmaceuticals, and chemicals. Fruits and vegetables often require specific temperatures to prevent overripening or spoilage. Meat and fish require low temperatures to limit microbial growth and ensure food safety. Reefer containers are also used to transport temperature-sensitive pharmaceuticals.

Insulation is essential to keep the temperature inside the reefer container stable. Therefore, reefer containers are made of high-quality insulating materials and have special doors to prevent heat or cooling loss.

In addition to temperature control, reefer containers are equipped with sophisticated humidity management and air circulation systems to ensure an optimal environment for each type of cargo. This is critical to maintaining product quality and safety, especially for products such as fruits and vegetables, which can be damaged by air that is too dry or too humid.

Tracking and security are vital to ensuring an uninterrupted cold chain. Modern containers incorporate tracking devices to guarantee that products are properly transported and that challenges are addressed as soon as possible.

It should be noted that drivers and logistics specialists handling reefer containers must be trained to set temperatures correctly. In addition, logistics companies often use advanced transport management systems that provide real-time temperature monitoring and alerts in case of deviations.

When it comes to transporting food products, particularly fruits and vegetables, it is not enough to simply provide a reefer container for transit. Such goods also require careful preparation as well as precise calculations. It’s interesting to note that many fresh products are transported before ripening so that this process can take place during the ship’s voyage. In addition to fresh produce, reefers are often used to transport frozen products and pet food.

If the above description does not meet your needs, check our Q&A section to learn more: What types and dimensions of sea freight containers are there? How do I know which is the right solution for my goods?

If you need logistics support for your supply chain or simply want to find out more, the cargo-partner team is available to assist.

For more information, visit the cargo-partner website or contact us for a detailed consultation!

Best regards,

cargo-partner | transport + iLogistics

Sea shipping is a popular method of transportation when vehicles need to be moved across long distances, such as international shipments between different continents. If you decide to ship your company car by ship, then a closed container is the safest solution.

In addition to container transport, there are also so-called RO-RO ships (roll-on/roll-off ships), which are designed to transport “rolling” or wheeled cargo such as cars, trailers, etc. They have built-in internal ramps that allow the cargo to roll during loading and unloading, and the cars are secured on the open deck during transport. Although this solution is less expensive, it does not provide the same level of protection as container transport.

Inside the container, cars are protected from the weather, dust and road debris. Thus, container transport is frequently used for luxury, classic, old-timer, or high-value vehicles that require special care and protection while in transit. Enclosed transport is slightly more costly than open transport, but it provides more security. If you plan to ship your car by container, keep the following things in mind:

Vehicle dimensions: Before arranging transport, it is necessary to know the dimensions of your vehicle (length, width, and height), as this will influence the choiceof the appropriate container and ensure that your car will fit inside it.

Choosing a container: Choosing a suitable container depends on the size, type, and number of vehicles you plan to transport.

Vehicle preparation: It is importantto adequately prepare the vehicle prior to loading. This includes cleaning the vehicle, removing personal belongings, draining the fuel, and confirming that all vehicle components are working. A minimum fuel level reduces not only the weight of the shipment, but also the risk of potential damage.

Lashing and securing: Vehicles must be securely fastened during transit to prevent movement and damage. Special straps are used to further secure the vehicle inside the container.

Insurance: Because vehicles are valuable assets, they must be properly insured. Due to the increased risk of damage or theft, it is advisable to pay an additional fee for insurance.

Tracking and transparency: To facilitate your transport planning, find a logistics partner who allows you to track the shipment and provide information about its journey.

Vehicle value: The value of the vehicle affects the handling of the transport itself, the cost of customs duties, and insurance rates.

Logistics and paperwork: Careful logistics and paperwork are required to plan the transport. This includes creating loading and unloading schedules, tracking trips, and completing the necessary legal paperwork. Transporting any typeof goods across borders requiresknowledge of the importing country’s customs and regulatory procedures.

These guidelines will assist you in properly preparing your vehicle for container shipping.

cargo-partner‘s logistics professionals will gladly provide you with additional advice and ensure the smooth and safe delivery of your vehicle to its final destination.

Best regards,
cargo-partner | transport + iLogistics

Modern times have brought tremendous advances in technology and in the automotive industry, but they have also increased the complexity of the supply chain. Due to the unique nature of this business, the transport of automotive parts can present a number of challenges. In the following, we will examine what to consider when it comes to transport in the automotive industry:

Sensitivity to damage: Automotive parts are often sensitive to shock, vibration, and external impact, requiring proper

protection and packaging to prevent damage during transport. This may include special packaging, padding, covers, protective coatings, and shock-absorbing materials.

Handling: To prevent damage, fragile items such as glass, auto bodyparts, or electrical components must be handled carefully. Personnel should be trained in how to handle automotive parts and the associated special equipment.

Dimensions and special requirements: Automotive parts range in size from small electrical components to huge car body panels. Selecting the appropriate mode of transport will depend on the height, width, and weight of the cargo. Large and heavy shipments require the use of a logistics partner capable of providing specialized

trucks and integrated systems, while items such as batteries or chemical materials may require unique transit conditions or permits due to potential risks or restrictions.

Availability and speed: The automotive sector has created complex supply chains involving numerous suppliers and distributors. It can be difficult to get everyone in the chain to work together and follow the rules, and it becomes even more difficult when availability and speed of delivery are equally important. You may be familiar with the JIT (just in time) and JIS (just in sequence) inventory management techniques developed by automotive manufacturers to minimize “idle time” on the assembly line. From all this, we can conclude that the transport of automotive parts cannot be considered in isolation, but rather as part of a logistics chain in which transport routes and speeds must be coordinated with production dynamics. In addition to scheduled shipments, there are sometimes very sudden and urgent deliveries, which is why working with a flexible logistics partner can provide a significant competitive advantage.

cargo-partner has created a special EMERGENCY service to meet the needs of its customers. A team of cargo-partner experts is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week to offer you the best solution for truly urgent shipments and ensure priority in scheduling air transport and customs clearance. cargo-partner’s online platform SPOT provides easy access to important documents and the ability to track your shipment at any time.

Customs and legal requirements:International shipping of automotive parts can be subject to a variety of customs duties, fees, and laws. Large manufacturers’ factories are typically located within free trade zones, allowing vehicle parts to be transported between countries without paying customs charges until they are incorporated into the final product. However, legal requirements can also slow down the delivery process and require additional paperwork and administration.

Based on many years of experience in working with leading manufacturers producers and suppliers around the world, cargo-partner can provide comprehensive advice and support in automotive logistics: from transport and warehousing up to customs and documentation.

Best regards,
cargo-partner | transport + iLogistics


When goods are imported for processing, i.e. when they undergo some kind of processing, repair, transformation, or value addition before being re-exported, companies are often exempt from paying duties or entitled to a refund. By taking advantage of these benefits, companies can lower their production costs and increase their competitiveness in the global marketplace.

This is also known as a “special purpose customs procedure” or “customs procedure for processing goods with re-export”. This customs procedure usually requires special permits, records and customs documentation to track the journey and processing of the goods. Failure to comply with this procedure can result in customs violations and fines.

Here are some important things to keep in mind:

Customs procedures:Familiarize yourself with all applicable customs procedures, including those relatedto import/export for processing in your country of origin.

Merchandise management: Keep careful records of the imported goods and their movement through the production process. To facilitate thelater export of the finished product, you must explicitly identify and document any imported raw materials or components.

The ability to re-export duty-free depends on the laws in the country of origin, so be sure to review them. In some cases, the commodity must undergo sufficienttransformation in the importingcountryto qualify for an export duty refund.

Enrichment value: Make sure to calculate the enrichment value accurately. This is typically the price differencebetween the imported raw materials and the final exportable product. This value is used to calculate customs benefits or refunds.

Deadlines: Comply with all deadlines related to import/export for processing, including the period in which the finished product must be exported to qualify for duty drawback or refund.

Documentation: Maintain accurate and complete import and export documentation. This includes customs declarations, invoices, certificates of origin, and any other relevant documents.

If you need support with any aspect of this process, consult cargo-partner experts in customs and international trade to ensure a successful and legal import/export of your items.

Best regards,
cargo-partner | transport + iLogistics

Export of essential oils, mostly immortelle, basil and lavender, have experienced great expansion in recent years. Serbian essential oils have found their place in many pharmaceutical and cosmetic companies around the world.

Although apparently not, essential oils are treated as dangerous substances in transport due due to their chemical composition and biological activity. The main reason why they fall into this category is the low flash point. Some of the oils can ignite even at a temperature of 50 °C. Otherwise, the term hazardous substances means all substances that have such characteristics that they can cause consequences harmful to health and the environment. This is most often due to irresponsible and / or unprofessional handling, packaging, storage or transport.

Special attention should be paid to the transport of dangerous goods in terms of choosing transport means, technical and technological means of manipulation, environmental research, and especially the education of persons who come into contact with dangerous goods.Since the quantities of essential oils that are shipped are relatively small, and the product itself has a great value, they are most often transported by air.

A prerequisite for a transport company is to be registered for this type of service, and that its staff is certified and trained to handle hazardous materials. In case of air transportation that should be – IATA DGR – International Air Transport Association Dangerous Goods regulation, which is the main document at the global level when it comes to the safe air transport of dangerous goods.

At the same time, the manufacturer / consignor is obliged to provide the MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheet) issued by an authorized laboratory after performing the necessary analyzes. It is a technical document that contains all the relevant information regarding the substance being transported and, in fact, defines the level of danger to humans and the environment.

During a preparation of a shipment of essential oil for transport, special attention is paid to the packaging. Packaging instructions are included in the MSDS, and the procedure may only be performed by a certified person (the manufacturer or the agent representing him).

The process of packaging hazardous materials is a very sensitive segment and requires great attention, because it directly affects the safety aspect of transport. On that occasion, it is necessary to choose quality packaging with pre-tested performance prescribed by ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization). In addition to the packaging itself, adequate marking and declaration is also necessary.

After finishing packaging process, we prepare transport documentation – AWB (Air waybill) and DG declaration, which is a clear instruction to all participants in the supply chain of hazardous substances.

If this process seems complicated to you, the cargo-partner team will be happy to provide you with additional information and organize transport for you!

Best Regards,

cargo-partner | transport + iLogistics



Numerous laws and standards govern the import and export of equipment, therefore it is crucial to abide by all of them when those things are being transported. If you don’t, you might face steep fines or even have your goods seized.

If for the purposes of filming you want to import audio or video equipment that you will subsequently return to your country after the work is completed, then it is a matter of temporary import/export of goods.

This type of import is treated differently because the goal is to avoid taxes and customs clearance costs with some assurance that the goods will subsequently be re-exported from the country.

An ATA Carnet is often recommended for use by film and TV companies shooting abroad. It is a physical document that you take with your goods when you are temporarily moving them out your country and into other countries, and it significantly reduces the difficulties

To obtain an ATA Carnet the foreign producer must provide a list of all the audiovisual equipment, their invoices and a deposit, if necessary.

However, it is important to note that you must not list any disposable or consumable equipment on your Carnet, such as non-rechargeable batteries, pens, paper, glue, bin bags, etc. These are not permitted on ATA Carnets, as there can be no guarantee that they will definitely return in the same condition.

The deposit amount varies according to the equipment’s country of origin.
Also there are countries which do not have the obligation of paying a deposit, but the relevant procedure must be followed at the destination country’s consulate.

  • Each carnet is valid for a temporary period of time, and the equipment must be taken back.
  • Goods cannot be sold or exchanged.
  • The same goods must be re -exported to the country of origin before expiration.
  • Goods cannot be rented, transferred or destroyed without the permission.
  • If we are talking about goods for which there is a ban on import/export, it is necessary to have an adequate license or permit.

It is imperative that you present your ATA Carnet every time the equipment is imported into, exported out of, or transited through a country.
If you intend to ship or import your shipments with an ATA carnet or you just need a little more information about it, cargo-partner team is at your disposal!

Read more How can an ATA Carnet simplify import/export procedures?

For more information, visit the cargo-partner web site or contact us for detailed consultation!

Best Regards,
cargo-partner | transport + iLogistics

According to studies, the global consumption of honey is increasing every year. Beekeeping is one of the oldest crafts in Serbia, and this year’s favorable acacia flowering conditions signal record domestic production. In the first 10 months of 2022, Serbia exported a total of 1,479 tons of honey. The main importers of Serbian honey are Germany, Poland, Belgium, and Spain. Despite its high production output, Serbia purchased around 485 tons of foreign honey from Moldova, Russia, Ukraine, and New Zealand. In the following section, we will discuss what you need to know if you plan to trade honey internationally.

Basics of storing and transporting honey

Honey is not as demanding as other foods such as meat and dairy products that spoil at sub-optimal temperatures. However, this does not mean that exporting honey is without its challenges. When honey is exposed to heat or moisture, its consistency changes, which means that if your final destination is in a country with high air humidity, it could result in a loss of product, flavor, and therapeutic properties. One way to avoid this is through efficient packaging. The best option is a sealed container because it protects the goods and prevents illegal access during transit.

A vehicle with an open load area can also be used, because honey does not require a strict temperature regime, but then the honey must be covered in order to prevent contamination with dust or insect attacks. We also recommend using thermal blankets to prevent severe temperature fluctuations in the vehicle and/or the warehouse. The best storage conditions are at room temperature and out of direct sunlight. In addition, honey cannot be transported or stored with items that have an overpowering odor. Honey may require more or less care in handling depending on whether it is packaged in glass, metal, or plastic.

Import of honey

The importer must be listed in the central register of food business establishments at the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Economy of the Republic of Serbia, and the warehouse must be listed in the register of food business facilities at the same Ministry. In order to import honey into Serbia, you will also need documents proving compliance with veterinary and sanitary regulations.

Export of honey

Your destination country may have additional requirements that you must meet. Some countries have much stricter and less profitable requirements, which may eliminate them from your export list.

Choosing the right freight forwarder, who will analyze your needs and the characteristics of the cargo, create optimal delivery routes, and ensure compliance with all safety measures during transportation, transshipment, and storage, will help you get your goods to the final destination smoothly.
For more information, please contact our experts at cargo-partner!

Best regards,
cargo-partner | transport + iLogistics

Importing used products might be challenging because their expected lifespan is much shorter than that of new products, which is why international trade in them is governed by the Waste Management Law in Serbia. The Ministry of Environmental Protection has specified the second-hand/used items for which an import permit is required.

Used construction and agricultural machinery are the most common items exported to the Balkan market, although there are other categories as well, such as second-hand clothing.

When importing used goods from other countries, the first step is to verify that you own the goods, and the next critical piece of information is their intended use.

Import of used machinery

When importing a used machine to be used as equipment in your business, the invoice is supported by SBRA (Serbian Business Registers Agency) documentation as proof that the machine is being purchased for the performance of the main activity. In the case of agricultural machinery, this meansproof of a registered agricultural holding. The machinery must be in goodworking order. If the import of certain equipment is subject to international trade policy measures (permits, import approvals), a permit from the relevant Ministry or state agency is required.

Transporting machinery requires a lot of technical knowledge. In addition to what we discussed in What information must be included when requesting a transport quote?, you will need to provide further information, such as whether side loading orwrenching isneeded to move the machine, whether the equipment contains oil, and so on…

As it is illegal to import substandard goods, you will also need to provide evidence of the quality of the goods. To be able to supply machinery for export, many suppliers have to pass quality tests conducted by significant organizations such as SGS, Veritas, or Intertek.

Import of second-hand clothing

Second-hand stores in Serbia are not regulated by any particular business legislation; they operate as specialized businesses for the sale of used products. Importers of used clothing are exempt from the requirement to obtain special permits for the import of waste, thanks to a special law issued by the Ministry of Environmental Protection. Only one requirement must be met: the clothing must be categorized, cleaned, and of “as new” quality.

Similar rules apply to lower-quality clothing, which may have some stains. In the case of footwear, there is an exception to this rule. Since the owner cannot disinfect and restore used footwear to a high standard, it is classified as garbage and cannotbe imported into Serbia for resale or humanitarian purposes.
Second-hand clothing is purchased by the kilogram from wholesalers, most of whom are based in the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Germany, while used machinery is imported from all over the world.

Several factors will determine which mode of transport is appropriate for importing your used items. Dimensions, quantity, supplier region, price, and time sensitivity are just a few of the considerations when deciding whether to use a single truck, a groupage line, a ship, or air freight.
If you’re having trouble navigating all these regulations, contact the professionals at cargo-partner, who will advise you in detail on the necessary procedures and the best solutions for your journey – because “we take it personally”!

Best regards,
cargo-partner | transport + iLogistics

Because the international supply chain involves so many diverse procedures and participants, professional freight forwarders can be a great help in facilitating cargo movement around the world. Companies that specialize in freight forwarding have extensive knowledge of the complex procedures involved in international trade, including export documentation, international shipping costs, customs clearance procedures, import duties and taxes, port handling fees, domestic distribution, and cargo insurance.

Despite the fact that you are dealing with top professionals, you will still need to be actively involved in the process. To begin with, you will need to provide certain details when requesting a quote for transport services:

  • Deadline for delivery
  • Pickup address
  • Final delivery address
  • Incoterms (Learn more about Incoterms here)
  • Transport mode (if you have a preference)
  • Frequency of transports
  • Your possibilities as an importer or exporter
  • Customs office (preferred place for customs clearance)
  • Type of goods
  • Shipment dimensions (length, width, height)
  • Weight of shipment
  • Type of packaging
  • Special requirements of your goods (temperature-sensitive, oversized, fragile, valuable, dangerous, flammable etc.)
  • Information about your company (tax number and contact person)
  • Required insurance and value of goods

The list continues, but these points are essential when requesting a transport quote. Having critical information on hand can drastically speed up the process and reduce the time it takes to get an offer. If your shipment is time-sensitive, make sure to mention this as well.

If a logistics company representative requests further information or documents, know that it is absolutely necessary.
If you are unfamiliar with the items on the list, don’t worry!cargo-partner’s experts will be delighted to advise you and ensure transparency throughout the entire process.

For more information, visit the cargo-partner website or contact us for a detailed consultation!

Buying and selling goods internationally can be challenging, which is why the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) developed the Incoterms.
The Incoterms (International Commercial Terms) are simply rules that specify which party in the supply chain is responsible for certain duties, expenses, and hazards related to the shipment of products.

The Incoterms have been in use for more than 60 years and are acknowledged by all international courts and organizations.
Their primary goal is to decrease or eliminate uncertainty caused by varying interpretations of the rules in different countries. Because of this, theIncoterms are frequently used in contracts all over the world to clearly state what is expected of allinvolved parties.

Understanding the Incoterms is essential, since they will be invoked in the event of a misunderstanding or legal conflict. Any logistics expert will recognize this note on the box or document.

Within these regulations, some phrases have particular definitions. Among the more significant ones are:

  • Delivery – The moment in the transaction in which the risk of loss or damage to the goods is transferred from the seller to the buyer
  • Arrival – The moment up to which the transport of goods is paid
  • Free- Obligation of the seller to deliver the goods to the designated place where the carrier picks them up
  • Carrier – Any person/company who undertakes to carry out or provide goods transportation by contract
  • Forwarder – A company that arrangesor assists in making arrangements for shipping of goods
  • Prepared for export – Transmitting the sender’s export declaration and obtaining an export permit

Visit the cargo-partner website for additional details, or get in touch with us for an in-depth consultation!

The best transport mode for you will depend on a variety of factors. Costs, transit time, type of goods and shipment size, destination, security… All of these factors will play a role in choosing the best solution.

The “rules” that were in place prior to COVID-19 are no longer relevant in light of the challenges that the logistics industry has faced over the last two years. Closures of cities, ports, and border crossings, lack of drivers, heavy traffic, and the imbalance of supply and demand have significantly influenced the available transport options and their costs.

Taking all this into consideration, we provide a comparison of sea and road transport below, examining the benefits and drawbacks of each transport mode.

Sea Cargo

Advantages of sea freight:

  • Suitable for a wide range of goods
  • Most environment-friendly
  • Worldwide coverage
  • Several carriers to choose from
  • Shipment security – the container protects your goods from risks like theft, loss of quality, fire or extremely high and low temperatures

Pricing for sea freight shipments differs according to whether you are transporting a full container load (FCL) or less than a container load (LCL). Full containers usually come at a standard price. If you are shipping less than one container, the price will be charged per cubic meter. This makes shipping by sea freight one of the most cost-effective options – not only for large and heavy goods, but also for smaller shipments.

You’ve probably heard the expression “time is money”. Depending on your shipment, this may or may not be accurate. If the orders are received in a timely manner, sea freight can be a viable option due to its low price. A ship’s journey can take up to a month or more, but technology is developing rapidly and ships are becoming faster, so you may even achieve transit times as short as 8 days.
However, if your shipment is time-sensitive, road transport may be the better option.

Road Transport

Despite being the most popular transport mode, road transport has its drawbacks. Trucks can only transport cargo of a specific height and weight. Another disadvantage is their sensitivity to weather, road conditions, and traffic jams.

But transporting your goods by truck also has many benefits:

  • Cost-effectiveness for short routes
  • Fast and reliable delivery
  • Flexibility
  • Door-to-door service
  • Ideal for short distances and domestic distribution

In addition to all of the above, the destination of the delivery is equally significant. For a long-distance journey, you will most likely choose a ship or a combination of ship and truck. For short distances within Europe, you will probably choose road transport – but there might be another possibility.
Short sea solutions can be an alternative for European destinations. Large shipments can be transported by ship to destinations like Spain, Portugal, the United Kingdom, Turkey, and Scandinavia. In some cases, a ship may even be the only option due to the numerous regulations and paperwork required for road transportation.

In conclusion, there is no one perfect option and we recommend consulting experts when making the decision between sea and road transport. Our team at cargo-partner will gladly guide you in the selection process and identify the best option for your company.

Visit the cargo-partner website for additional information, or contact us for an in-depth consultation!
cargo-partner | transport + iLogistics

Nowadays, transport and storage are only a small part of the import and export process. Logistics providers offer a wide range of supporting activities, known as value-added services. These give companies the freedom to concentrate on growing their business by developing, marketing and selling their goods and services, while leaving the logistics to the professionals.

In a previous question, we discussed value added services for online retailers, but what other VAS services can you rely on at the cargo-partner:

Receipt of goods
This includes goods acceptance, quality and quantity controls, and receipt documentation. Then, the goods are sorted, marked and palletized in accordance with the accompanying import documentation. If it is a bonded warehouse, storage is carried out under customs supervision.

Items are sorted according to criteria such as type of goods, destination of delivery, weight, handling requirements, sensitivity or size. Next, there will be a separation (creation of smaller units) or a merging of goods (consolidation).

Repackaging, packaging and labeling
Goods are grouped and/or packaged in order to protect them in storage and/or prepare them for further shipment. Then, the packages are labeled – not only to make them easier to identify, but also to add information such as production date, storage conditions, transport requirements, etc. This can include comprehensive services such as printing package inserts and labeling products according to customer instructions.

Storage in a high-bay rack or mezzanine
Depending on the type of goods and the method of distribution, the goods are placed either on pallets or in special packaging on more accessible lower shelves (mezzanines). Space optimization ensures that a customer’s goods are stored using the most efficient and cost-effective approach.

Testing and document insertion
Testing is a service that is often required for technical items in order to confirm the performance of the equipment. After testing, the items are marked as acceptable and the appropriate documents, such as warranty cards or user manuals, are inserted.

Pallet and parcel distribution
Items can be loaded into pallets or delivered in parcels. Stackable pallets maximize shipping space, while more sensitive items are usually loaded on non-stackable pallets. Parcel distribution is used for delivery to the final customers and, in the context of online shopping, may include pay on delivery.

WMS (Warehouse Management System)
Automating the exchange of information is a key requirement in ensuring efficient warehouse operations. Modern warehouse management systems (WMS) support this automation, provide round-the-clock inventory control and increase productivity while minimizing manual effort and costs.

Track & trace and returns
Modern track & trace technology allows logistics providers to react quickly to delays and keep customers updated. Return logistics includes a range of services, including quantity and quality checks of the returned goods. These services are particularly important for online sales.

For more information, visit the cargo-partner website or contact us for a detailed consultation!

Best regards,
cargo-partner | transport + iLogistics

The USA is among the most powerful and prosperous economies in the world. Serbian companies can successfully advertise a wide range of services and goods to consumers in this market, and the amount of items being imported and exported to and from the country is constantly rising.

If you want to export goods from Serbia to the USA, you will first need to educate yourself about the customs processes. The best option for you will depend on the urgency and size of your shipment as well as the transport costs you are willing to pay. Export to the USA is typically done via air or sea freight.

Sending products to North America by ship is one of the most cost-effective options if your shipment is not urgent, especially for large and heavy shipments. Shipping containers are also very flexible when it comes to different types of goods. They can carry the widest range of items, including industrial products, automobiles, perishable goods, various kinds of liquids, chemicals, and more.

The main benefits of container shipping to the USA are:

  • Security – the container shields your goods from outside harm and security hazards, including theft, loss of quality, fire, extremely high and low temperatures etc.
  • Quick delivery with relatively low transportation costs
  • Flexibility and variety of goods that can be carried, depending on their size

Full container loads (FCL) are the most efficient option. However, if you have lower transport volumes, you can also choose consolidated transport via less than container load (LCL) services. Hiring a trustworthy partner for your transports is vital in both situations.

As a global logistics provider, cargo-partner serves all ports in the USA and provides decades of expertise in sea freight. We offer a range of transport options to the “land of opportunity”.

Transports to or from Serbia are typically routed through the port of Rijeka, but for Southern Europe, the port of Thessaloniki in Greece is also an option. The German ports of Hamburg and Bremerhaven, along with the Greek port of Piraeus, provide additional flexibility in terms of transit times. Our cargo-partner teams at each of these ports in Europe ensure fast and efficient handling of sea freight transports to the USA.

Thanks to our network of own offices and long-standing partners as well as our excellent relationships with shippers, we can create a customized solution for each client. A group of professionals will not only give you all the information you need about the customs clearance process, but will also help you decide which approach is best for your company.

Contact our experts for more information!

Best regards,
cargo-partner | transport + iLogistics

Alcohol is a type of cargo that is extremely delicate in terms of legal standards. It requires strict compliance with all storage and transport regulations as well as packaging and labeling rules.

In order to avoid damage and loss of value of the goods, the freight forwarder must ensure that a certain level of humidity, temperature and limited light is maintained during transport (according to the manufacturer’s specifications), and the same rules apply to storage.

We know that beverages are often transported in fragile glass bottles, and even the packaging itself requires special protection measures – durable packaging that allows for physical separation of goods. Loading and unloading special packaging can also incur additional costs.

In addition to the special technical conditions, the biggest challenge in transporting alcoholic beverages is the required permits and documentation. Alcoholic beverages with an alcohol content of more than 40% are classified as dangerous flammable goods, and they require a material safety data sheet (MSDS). This may include instructions for the safe use and potential hazards associated with a particular material or product, along with spill-handling procedures.

Moreover, in Serbia, alcoholic beverages are among the goods subject to excise tax, and their storage requires additional guarantees and comes with additional costs.

cargo-partner has many years of experience in the transport of alcoholic beverages and the challenges associated with this type of goods. The logistics provider has trained personnel for handling sensitive cargo – thus, every step of the transport and storage process is in safe hands, and compliance with all sanitary, technical and legal norms is guaranteed. In addition, the service may include some of the benefits of an “all risks” insurance policy. This protects the shipper against physical loss or damage to their cargo from external causes, subject to policy terms and conditions. The premium payable is relatively low and is based on the value of the goods and the transport route. Compensation claims are resolved very quickly, without the need to prove the carrier’s liability.

A wide network of our own offices and reliable partners allows us to select an optimal route and handle all required documentation.

Contact your local cargo-partner experts for more information!

China is one of the most sought after destinations when it comes to international transportation services. Goods from China are the choice of many companies, especially as the country is considered to be the world’s factory and the local market is also the constantly developing.

However, the companies’ dilemma is which type of transport is the best solution when we talk about the route between China andEurope. There is no wrong answer- it just depends on your priorities.

If you are handling perishable, sensitive goods or if the speed of delivery is crucial for your business, and the price is affordable, the plane has an advantage. The goods are quickly available for collection, and the processing time of the shipment is significantly shorter compared to other types of transport.

But speed is not the only reason to choose air transport: in addition, precision and safety make it a good choice too. High value goods are an ideal candidate, due to the significantly reduced risk of theft, but also the possibility of courier shipments (OBC). This way, pharmaceutical and organic products are transported from China and during business negotiations, testers of various types of goods are also sent by plane.

When we talk about the Far East, we are often talking about transporting cheap goods from China. It is important to notice that when the price of goods is low, low transport costs are equally important.

Air transport is known for its high price, but due to its speed, it consequently leads to less need for storage, packaging, repackaging, and also gives the possibility of lower insurance rates, so if it the shipment that is not of too big, this type of transport can result in a very favorable purchase price. Like other forms, air transport offers the possibility of full or partial filling of aircraft.

In many situations, the plane may be your only choice, which is why the services are classified into three groups: Economy, Priority, Emergency.

In order to fully use the benefits of air transport from China, it is necessary to not only know a number of regulations and procedures, but also build relationships with global airlines.

cargo-partner will gladly help you, which transport modality is the best for your business and allows your shipments to get to you safely and quickly.

Contact cargo-partner experts for more information!


For many shippers, transportation costs seem to be an enigma. Cost calculation is far more complex than the cost of transport from point A to point B, because it includes additional elements, too. Most carriers will only offer you the price of transport, which does not mean that your goods will be delivered to the final destination. For this, you will have to choose other subcontractors. Additionally you will need adequate support for customs services, accompanying documentation, insurance of goods … All this means that in addition to the basic service (transport), you will pay for at least a few other additional services provided by various subcontractors.

Actually, if price is a decisive factor and transit time and quality of delivery are flexible, then you can look for different offers with regard to financial and organizational terms and invest time and energy in reducing costs. On the other hand, you should keep in mind that hiring more subcontractors usually prolongs transit times (time from sending to the arrival of goods) with one interesting question: have you included your own work and time spent in your calculation? This option is not the worst if efficiency and transport time are not a priority, but you should be aware that the more subcontractors are involved, accountability becomes more complexshould something go wrong during the transport process.

To make their clients’ business easier, many freight forwarders have introduced a door-to-door service. Owners of goods can get detailed consultations and personalized solutions. The door-to-door service (first and last mile delivery) usually includes proposing the best route and adequate means of transport, finding and reserving cargo space (truck, plane, ship, train), preparing all necessary documentation and permits for international transport of goods, solving all customs procedures, loading, transport and unloading of goods with constant monitoring of the movement of the shipment.

There are also additional services offered by freight forwarders – insurance of goods in transport (basic or All Risk), as well as storage of goods in customs bonded or commercial warehouses.

If you are delivering or importing goods from distant destinations, check the size of the international network and the coverage of the potential logistics partner offices. Having a representative of the chosen company in a port or airport can make your plans a lot easier.

For more information, visit the cargo-partner web site or contact us for a detailed consultation!

Best regards,

cargo partner | transport + iLogistics


Jewelry and valuables, exclusive fashion items, top sports equipment, cosmetics, perfumes, electronic devices, pharmaceuticals, but also certain automotive parts or industrial equipment – the list of goods that can be classified as “high value cargo” is quite comprehensive.
The International Air Transport Association (IATA) defines a valuable cargo as one whose value per kilogram exceeds $ 1,000 (USD). Nonetheless, there are often situations where different transport service providers have their own different internal policies on what a valuable shipment is. In addition to the total price of the goods being transported, the amount of customs duty to be paid also needs to be taken into account.

The sender’s request to have his cargo delivered on time, with complete security and minimal risk of loss or theft, can be particularly challenging in cases of high value cargo, when the stakes increase exponentially.
Experienced experts in the transport of valuables therefore choose vehicles equipped with security equipment, such as 24/7 tracking solutions, alarm systems, panic buttons in the cabin, additional locking systems, as well as electronic anti-theft devices, such as immobilizers. The business of carriers entrusted with such a cargo must comply with the GDP (Good Distribution Practice) guidelines and TAPA (The Transported Asset Protection Association) certification.

Furthermore, as the data of the TAPA Association show that incidents related to theft of cargo from vehicles are on the rise, and that unsecured parking lots have been identified as the most likely hotspots for cargo crime. For this reason, it is essential to use a network of carefully supervised parking locations, which is regularly monitored and constantly revised. According to TAPA statistics this need is particularly illustrated by the fact that as many as 50% of all incidents in the EMEA region in 2020 occurred due to the lack of safe parking.
In addition, it is important that staff, especially drivers, but also other team members, are properly trained and prepared, as well as that they regularly undergo training by authorized persons (auditors) of organizations preventing cargo theft.
Companies that specialize in providing services in the valuable cargo sector have in their portfolio additional options such as a personal cargo escort, accelerated customs procedures, extended insurance package and the like.

As speed is extremely important in transporting valuable goods, air transport is becoming an increasingly attractive solution. This is especially noticeable in the case of gold, which is in growing demand globally (not only as investment categories, but also as raw materials in healthcare, telecommunications, etc.). Airlines, in cooperation with logistics companies, must first focus on mapping “high value routes” to identify and avoid risky areas, and then implement a number of security procedures (from picking up the shipment, through the airport and warehouse, to the final destination).

Last but not least, it is very important that the company to which you entrust your valuable cargo closely monitors all changes in international law, so that it can adequately respond to them.
Choosing the right freight forwarder, who will analyze the customer’s needs as well as cargo characteristics, create optimal delivery routes and ensure compliance with all safety measures during transport, transhipment and storage, will help your valuable goods reach their destination without fail.

Contact your cargo-partner transport experts for more information!
Best regards,
cargo-partner | transport + iLogistics


If you plan to exhibit at a trade show abroad, do not forget these important items – transport of goods and the necessary accompanying papers. It is necessary to think about the transport of the stand, products, samples, literature…
As with everything, this part requires proper preparation so that the delivery goes smoothly and so that your materials are where they should be in the agreed time span and in “one piece”. Trade show transport requires a longer time frame than traditional transport. You may need to ship the product and other materials weeks, even months in advance.

This further requires that you will need to have a warehouse on site where your goods will be stored until the trade show itself. When your goods arrive at the warehouse, calculate the cost of temporary storage of goods, as well as the additional fee for delivery to your stand.
At the same time, make sure that your packaging is stored properly and that it arrives at the end of the trade show undamaged and schedule a return shipment. It would be best practice to arrange both inbound and outbound tours with the same carrier / freight forwarder.

As with standard transport operations, paperwork is a critical part of the procedure. In addition to the usual documentation, proper marking of goods with all the details, customs papers must also be taken into account. Exhibiting at trade shows is a temporary export, which means that the documentation is different compared to goods intended for sale. At the end of the trade show, temporarily imported goods are returned abroad.

The organization of temporary export/export of trade show exhibits is one of the jobs of freight forwarders. You will also need the services of a freight forwarder if the temporarily imported trade show exhibit is sold.
There are also companies that specialize in fair logistics, which includes – transport of goods, preparation of customs documents, temporary accommodation, transport to the trade show, installation and dismantling of stands at the trade show, support during the trade show, as well as the entire return shipping process.

For temporary export / import, ATA carnet information may also be important to you. Read more about it in a previously published document.

If all this still seems complicated to you, it is best to choose experts who will organize quality carriers and competitive prices for you, coordinate delivery, help with paperwork and track your shipment, confirming the final delivery.

Do you need help with delivery at trade shows?
For more information, visit the cargo-partner web site or contact us for a detailed consultation!

Best regards,
cargo-partner | transport + iLogistics
Keywords: ata carnet, transport of exhibits, transport for fair, fair exhibits transport, iata transport of exhibits

When it comes to choosing the right truck for your goods, there are several key factors to keep in mind: from the weight and dimensions up to the quantity and type of goods. Below, we will outline the types of truck your freight forwarder might suggest for transports of standard goods.

Choosing the right type of truck is important to ensure the safety and security of your cargo and to keep transport costs low. There are different costs involved in hiring a pickup, van or truck. In addition, prices will depend on whether you book a whole truck load (FTL) or only a part of the space (LTL), or opt for groupage transport.

If you are transporting smaller quantities, a van can be a good option. Vans weighing up to 3.5 t do not have a tachograph, which gives them an advantage over larger vehicles. Their capacity ranges from 1,000 to 1,500 kg, or four to eight EUR-pallets (approx. 10-15 m³). The cargo space is usually around 4 m long, 2 m wide and 1.6 to 2 m high.

If you do not have enough cargo for a regular full truck load, but do not want to use groupage transport, you could also opt for a small truck. Trailers of small trucks are usually 6-7 m long, up to 2.4 m wide and up to 2.7 m high. They can transport up to 3,300 kg and have room for 15 to 18 EUR-pallets (35-40 m³).

Standard tarpaulin trucks come with trailers that are 13.6 m long, 2.4 m wide and up to 2.8 m high. With a cargo capacity of up to 24,000 kg and a volume of up to 90 m³, they offer room for 33 EUR-pallets. Mega trucks are slightly larger than ordinary trucks and are often used for bulky goods. Their trailers are 13.6 m long, 2.48 m wide and up to 3 m high. They can hold a volume of up to 100 m³.

For bulky goods of lower weight and higher volume, tandem trucks can be a suitable option. Tandem trucks have two trailers, each of which is usually 7.5 to 8 m long, 2.45 meters wide and up to 3 meters high. Their total capacity is up to 24,000 kg or 38 EUR-pallets (120 m³).
In addition to these options for standard goods, there are special vehicles for oversized and heavy cargo, temperature-sensitive goods (frigo trucks) or construction materials such as dirt and gravel (dump trucks). Finally, there are also special semi-trailers which are used to transport cargo in coils, such as steel coils.

cargo-partner offers a wide range of solutions for full and part loads, groupage and express shipments. We provide specialized transport services for various goods, such as out-of-gauge and heavy loads, high-value goods as well as products that require temperature-controlled transport.
Contact your cargo-partner transport experts for more information!
Best regards,
cargo partner | transport + iLogistics

The processing of wood and timber products has significantly contributed to the growth of industrial production in Serbia in the first nine months of 2021. Some of these products are for domestic needs, while others are exported. It is interesting to note that we have exported large quantities of unprocessed, but also processed wood to China.

The Serbian timber industry is extremely export-oriented and has significant development potential. According to data from the Republic Bureau of Statistics, in the period from January to May 2021, the export of furniture and products made of wood, cork, straw and paper amounted to 546.8 million euro, which makes up 6.6% of total exports of the Republic of Serbia. Compared to the same period in the previous year, exports grew by 13.3%. In the same period, imports reached 464 million euros. The most impressive output from this industry is made up by exports of furniture, which amounted to a value of 230.8 million euro.

The documents required for exporting wood differ from country to country, and they also depend on what level of processing the goods have undergone. In addition to the standard documents for trade, transport, insurance and customs, exporters should check the required additional requirements in the destination and transit countries, such as certificates, labeling on packaging, fumigation of packaging etc.

Depending on the level of processing, the destination and transit country and the purpose of the given products, it might be necessary to perform additional checks, such as phytosanitary inspections. Therefore, it is best to inform yourself about these requirements early on in the planning phase. In addition, all semi-finished wood products, depending on their tariff number, must be accompanied by a statement confirming that they are not produced from protected species of flora and fauna.

cargo-partner provides a range of transport options for the import and export of wood and timber products by sea, air, road and rail. We will be glad to advise and support you in planning and obtaining the required documentation.

Contact your cargo-partner experts for more information!

Best regards,
cargo partner | transport + iLogistics

The vast majority of goods can be transported by seafreight using containers. This includes food, beverages, chemicals, plastics, rubber, textiles, wood, paper, metal, machinery, furniture, cars, electronics and many other things – from raw materials and machines to finished products.

When sending an inquiry to your freight forwarder or carrier, it is good to know the basic types of containers so that you can make the right choice according to your needs.

Most seafreight vessels carry 20 ‘or 40’ containers. These standard containers or all-purpose containers are suitable for any general cargo, mostly packed on euro pallets or in boxes.

A twenty-foot container can hold a maximum of 21,727 kg, or eleven standard EUR pallets with 120×80 cm each. Forty-foot containers can hold a maximum of 26,780 kg, or 24 EUR pallets. If you do not have enough cargo to fill an entire container (FCL), you can opt for consolidated transport (LCL).

High cube containers are structurally similar to standard containers, but taller. Just like standard containers, they can be used to ship all kinds of cargo. However, they are especially suitable for lightweight, high-volume or bulky cargo.
Of course, special containers are used for specific goods. Refrigerated or “reefer” containers have their own electric cooling / heating units and can be used to transport chilled or frozen goods. They are ideal for transporting vegetables, fruits, flowers, meat, milk and dairy products. Open top containers are used for packing and unpacking goods from above or through a door with a crane, as well as for transporting high loads.
Flat rack containers only have walls at the short ends of the container. They are especially suitable for heavy, high or oversized loads that cannot fit into a standard container. The walls of these containers are strong enough to withstand the necessary cargo securing attachments. It is also possible to stack multiple of these containers on top of each other.

The platform container, which has no walls at all, is an ideal solution for heavy and oversized cargo that cannot be transported using a flat rack or open top container. Flexitank containers are used to transport bulk and liquid cargoes, such as edible oil, fruit syrups and concentrates, oil additives or detergents.
Contact your cargo-partner transport experts for more information!

Best regards,
cargo partner | transport + iLogistics

Temporary or permanent work assignments, studying abroad or returning home – there are many reasons for transporting personal effects or furniture across the border. No matter what the motive may be, it is always important that they arrive at their destination safely and on time.

If you want to transport your personal belongings abroad, start by making a detailed list with an approximate value of each item. All items must be listed by packaging unit (box, crate, bag, etc.), and each packaging unit needs to be clearly marked and numbered. This list is handed over to the freight forwarder, who will prepare the documents for the customs authorities.

The choice of transport method will depend on the shipment volume, the destination, and on how quickly you need your items delivered.Road transport can be a cost-effective option for closer destinations. You can have a truck or van hired exclusively for your needs, or make use of groupage transport.

For overseas destinations, seafreight is the most economical option. You can book a full container or make use of consolidated transport, sharing a container with other shippers. Some forwarders will require special wooden crates, while others also accept cardboard boxes or suitcases.

If you have only a few boxes and need them shipped as quickly as possible, airfreight is the simplest option. Airlines will charge based on the actual or “calculated weight” of your shipment, whichever is higher. The calculated weight in kg is determined as follows: length x width x height in centimetres, divided by 6,000.

Leaving Serbia? If you are planning to take books, paintings and other art objects out of the country, you will require special permissions. For works of art and all other objects older than 50 years, permission must be obtained from the Institute for the Protection of Cultural Monuments of Serbia. In the case of books and publications, it is issued by the National Library of Serbia.

Returning to Serbia? If you are a citizen of Serbia and have been working abroad for a minimum of two years, you may be exempt from some or all import duties on your personal effects and furniture. Your logistics provider can assist you in preparing the required documents.

A change of residence is always a busy time, so the transport of your personal belongings should not cause you any additional worries. Take care to choose an experienced logistics provider with a professional and engaged staff to answer all your questions and make sure everything goes smoothly.

Best regards,

cargo-partner | transport + iLogistics

We are all familiar with how standard-size shipments are transported, but not many people are aware of the possibilities of transporting heavy or oversized items across large distances.

In principle, oversized and heavy shipments can be transported by sea, land or even air. However, since they cannot fit into standard pallets, containers or trucks, you will need to work with a logistics provider who specializes in the transport of large, heavy, complex or high-value items and equipment. In the logistics industry, these shipments are often referred to as “project cargo”.

Detailed planning is crucial to ensure the success of oversized, out-of-gauge or heavy transports. If you take the time to plan every detail of the process, you can save significant amounts of time and money and reduce the risk of unexpected obstacles along the way.

The first step is to determine the exact dimensions of the shipment. Seemingly small deviations can cause big problems. The shipment dimensions will determine the transport route, since tunnels, bridges, overpasses, toll booths, etc. can be an obstacle or even damage the cargo. The dimensions must also be considered in packaging and securing the cargo, so that it is well-protected and does not move around during transport.

Finally, each special transport requires a permit from the competent authorities and may require specific customs procedures, which is another reason to start planning as early as possible. A competent logistics provider will arrange all these processes for you, select the ideal route for fast and safe transport, and make sure the shipment is properly packaged and secured in order to prevent any damage to your goods.

After the preliminary work is finished, transport can begin. The first part of the transport is usually done by road using special vehicles: low-floor trailers with several axles and special tractors. The goods are loaded using special equipment like open-top and flat-rack containers, which are also used for further shipping by sea freight. In case of very urgent shipments, airfreight is also an option.

Would you like to find out more? Our experienced Project Cargo team will be glad to answer your questions and find the right solution for even the most challenging transports.

Best regards,

cargo-partner | transport + iLogistics

Electric cars are flooding cities around the world. Predictions say that the e-vehicle market will grow by 20% per year in the coming period and that by 2030, there will be as many as 130 million such vehicles on the roads. As electric vehicles rely on lithium-ion batteries as a source of energy, the need for specialized logistics solutions in this area is constantly growing.

Why is the transport of batteries, which are one of the key factors in preventing climate change, so complex and even potentially dangerous for the environment? The reason is that lithium – if it is not shipped and stored with appropriate precautions – is highly flammable, and is therefore considered a dangerous commodity.

Service providers in the field of lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles are subject to different requirements at each point in the battery life cycle: delivery of materials to production sites (under temperature control), transport of finished batteries, storage as well as return logistics services, such as recycling or disposal of batteries (including damaged or defective batteries).

When transporting batteries, your shipment first and foremost needs an accurate European Waste Code, which provides all participants in the supply chain with the information needed for safe handling. According to ADR (European regulations on the transport of dangerous goods), lithium-ion batteries belong to class 9: Miscellaneous – dangerous materials.

In road, rail and sea transport, the requirements are mostly similar. Temperature control (batteries are very sensitive to temperature and humidity), product stability (batteries must not move inside the packaging) and exposure to conductive surfaces (batteries must not have contact with each other, as well as with conductive surfaces) are the main aspects that must be considered.

Air transport is the fastest way to transport batteries for electric vehicles, and IATA has significantly tightened the rules over the past years. No stand-alone lithium battery may be shipped as cargo in a passenger aircraft. Batteries must be transported packed separately from any other cargo, and it is forbidden to transport damaged, defective or recalled batteries by air.

To ensure the safe transport of batteries, logistics service providers must consider numerous national and international regulations. We recommend choosing a freight forwarder who has guidelines on the delivery method, trained staff, and a clear understanding of ADR regulations. The right company will know exactly what to do, so you can be sure that your batteries will arrive safely.

Get in touch with our experts to find out more!

Best regards,

cargo-partner | transport + iLogistics

E-commerce has been a rapidly growing business segment for years, and COVID-19 has further accelerated this trend. Online retailers can save time and money by choosing a logistics partner who offers not just transport and warehousing, but an all-round service package for their order and fulfillment processes. This includes value added services such as cargo consolidation, order picking, packaging and labeling as well as parcel distribution.

Cargo consolidation means collecting goods from different shippers or at different time intervals and gathering them in one place. By consolidating multiple shipments efficiently, logistics providers can achieve an optimal utilization of cargo space and save time and costs in purchasing and pre-carriage.

Order picking consists of selecting and gathering all items required for a specific customer order – in the right type and quantity – and preparing them for transport. Automation and modern IT systems can greatly enhance picking speed and minimize error rates.

Packaging services can be provided either for transport of individual shipments or for storage purposes. This goes hand in hand with labeling – labels make it easy to identify the goods and provide information about the quantity in the package, the date of production, storage conditions, transport requirements and more.

Parcel distribution is perhaps one of the first aspects that come to mind when talking about e-commerce. A modern logistics provider should not only ensure fast and reliable parcel delivery, but also offer access to online services for shipment booking and tracking.

With cargo-partner’s supply chain management platform SPOT, online vendors can compare the rates of all available parcel service providers in a simple overview and book parcel shipments directly from the system. Invoices, shipment and return labels can also be printed directly from SPOT.

cargo-partner’s IT teams can easily connect any online shop to the cargo-partner warehouse for prompt order handling. Vendors can track their shipments in real time, and end customers receive regular status updates about when their shipment will arrive.

Want to find out more about cargo-partner’s end-to-end e-commerce solutions? Visit the cargo-partner website or contact us for detailed information!

Best regards,

cargo-partner | transport + iLogistics

Depending on the type of goods and the urgency of the shipment, there are a range of possible transport options for importing cargo from China to Serbia.

Sea freight is the most economical choice with the longest transit times. At the moment, there are significant backlogs and container shortages on the global sea freight market due to the after-effects of COVID-19 as well as the Suez Canal blockage. This means that sea freight transports should be planned at least several weeks in advance.

To speed up sea freight transports from Asia, cargo-partner offers FCL and LCL solutions via the Adriatic ports of Koper, Rijeka and Trieste. For shipments to Central and Eastern Europe, transport via the Adriatic ports enables significant time savings compared to routings via northern ports, like Hamburg or Bremerhaven.

For time-critical shipments, airfreight remains the fastest and most reliable option. Since the outbreak of COVID-19, the number of passenger flights has been drastically reduced, leading to a lack of available cargo space. To compensate for this lack of capacities and provide a reliable alternative, cargo-partner offers several weekly cargo charter flights from China to Europe and vice versa.

If you are looking for a solution that’s faster than sea freight and less expensive than airfreight, you can make use of weekly FCL and LCL rail transport connections across the Silk Road. Rail transport is on average 50% faster than ocean freight and 60% more cost-efficient than airfreight. The low CO2 footprint is a welcome side-effect.

cargo-partner provides a wide range of transport solutions from China to Serbia by air, sea and rail transport. Our door-to-door service includes pre-carriage, customs clearance and distribution throughout Central and Eastern Europe. With our network of selected road carriers and modern warehouses, we can ensure fast delivery and high-quality storage for your goods.

We will be glad to advise you about which option is best for your shipments!

Best regards,

cargo-partner | transport + iLogistics

First of all, you should have your own warehouse or a signed storage contract with a company that offers warehouse space approved by the veterinary inspection to store this type of goods.

The goods are reported to the Veterinary Inspection at the border crossing and sent to the above-mentioned warehouse, where they will be placed under customs or veterinary supervision until the end of the customs clearance procedure.

If it is a food supplement, i.e. the product is not characterized as medicine, no additional registration is required. However, the goods will still need to be cleared through customs based on the statement of the importer confirming the categorization of the product.

cargo-partner can support you by obtaining the manufacturer’s specification and tariff number (HS code) from the supplier before import. This allows us to confirm whether the given classification requires additional documents for import according to Serbian regulations.

If the product is classified as medicine according to the tariff code, the import procedures will require an additional permission to be obtained from the Medicines and Medical Devices Agency of Serbia.

Our customs experts will be glad to advise you to make your import process run as smoothly as possible.

For more information, visit cargo-partner website or contact us for a detailed consultation!

Best regards,

cargo-partner | transport + iLogistics


In addition to direct line haul transport by full (FTL) and part load (LTL) trucks, many logistics providers also offer groupage solutions, making use of various hubs, as well as personalized and express solutions, either by truck or van.

We recommend working with a logistics company who can offer you regular departures via its own network of collection and distribution hubs throughout Europe. Furthermore, companies can save time and costs by choosing a logistics provider who offersend-to-end solutions from a single source, including transport insurance, storage in customs bonded warehousesand dangerous goods transports.

cargo-partner provides a comprehensive portfolio of road transport solutions and makes use of its dense network of own hubs and selected partners to offer frequent departures to and from Austria, Hungary, Germany, Slovakia, the Czech Republic, Benelux, Poland, Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Turkey, the UK, Scandinavia and other countries.

In addition, all cargo-partner customers have access to the supply chain management platform SPOT, where they can track their shipments in real time, submit transport orders with just a few clicks, benefit from integrated parcel and warehouse management and more.

Get in touch with our road transport experts to find out more!

Best regards,

cargo-partner | transport + iLogistics

You have probably often heard that the import procedure for certain equipment, works of art or musical instruments requiresapplying for an ATA carnet.

What is this about?

An ATA carnet, also called a “passport for goods”, is a customs document which is used to simplify temporary import procedures into a foreign country, with a validity period of one year.

Using an ATA carnet, goods are transferred quickly and easily (without hiring a customs agent and freight forwarder), but certain rules must be followed:

– the goods will be re-exported / imported in the same condition as they were temporarily imported / exported

– the goods will remain the property of a person with residence outside the country of temporary admission

– the goods will be used exclusively by a person visiting the area of the temporary import (not intended for rental)

It is important to mention that ATA carnet cannot be used for the temporary import of food and other perishable goods, and is most commonly used for imports of the following three categories:

– temporary import of samples

– temporary import of professional equipment

– temporary import of goods intended for exhibitions, fairs, congresses and similar events

This includes:

computers, repair tools, musical instruments, sports equipment, scenography, concert sound, medical instruments and more.

What does an ATA carnet look like?

The ATA carnet comes in A4 format and has a green front and back cover, with sheets of different colors in between.This whole kit makes up the ATA carnet.

If you plan to travel with an ATA carnet or would like to find out more about this topic, cargo-partner’s customs experts are at your disposal for any further questions.

Best regards,

cargo-partner | transport + iLogistics

Foodstuffs producers who export their products to Central Europe or the Far East regularly send samples to potential customers. Fruits, vegetables and pastry products can generally be transported fresh, frozen or dry. In the case of fresh or frozen goods, transport has to be arranged under temperature-controlled conditions, using specialized carriers.

While larger quantities of chilled or frozen goods are usually shipped in temperature-controlled containers or “Envirotainers”, smaller shipments are transported in special boxes and cooled with dry ice. Air transport has a clear advantage over sea transport in this case, since it is significantly faster. Dry ice shipments are subject to a number of restrictions, since airlines classify them as dangerous goods (DG). Although dry ice does not cause damage by itself, it is considered a hazardous substance and requires documentation and handling by trained personnel to ensure compliance with IATA restrictions.

Another method of transporting temperature-sensitive goods is with gel packs. These are packages of liquid refrigerant that absorb heat and maintain a constant temperature. In contrast to dry ice, gel packs are not categorized as dangerous goods, but they are more expensive. No matter which method you choose, it is essential to plan ahead and contact your logistics provider early to ensure that the transport can be organized efficiently.

Based on many years of experience in cold chain logistics, cargo-partner can create an all-round solution for the transport of temperature-sensitive fruit, vegetable and pastry samples. Our service includes pickup and delivery in special refrigerated vehicles, temperature-controlled storage at the airport, cross-checking of documents, customs clearance and cold chain monitoring. We will be glad to provide any necessary packaging and cooling equipment such as temperature-controlled containers, dry ice and gel packs.

Fast, reliable service and efficient planning are the key factors to transport temperature-sensitive fruits, vegetables and pastries. If you would like to find out more, our experts will be glad to answer your questions.

Best regards,

cargo-partner | transport + iLogistics

Since January 1, 2021, the United Kingdom is no longer a member of the EU and has “third country status” with a separate customs territory from the EU. Although the EU and UK signed a free trade agreement, there are still significant changes in documentation and processes that must be followed in order for the EU and UK to trade with each other.

All imports and exports of goods between the UK and the EU are now subject to customs procedures. As each EU jurisdiction has its own reporting model, these procedures can differ depending on transport mode and port of exit/entry. Therefore, it is very important to know your cargo flow and route to market as this can affect customs processes.

Importers and exporters have to provide comprehensive documentation for customs clearance. This includes a full and complete commercial invoice containing shipper and consignee details and EORI numbers, Incoterms, HS commodity codes, product description, origin and value of goods, number of packaging units and cargo weight. Depending on the type of cargo, additional documents like a phytosanitary certificate may be required.

Just in time for Brexit, on January 1, 2021, cargo-partner opened its office in Manchester, UK to optimally support its customers with post-Brexit customs processes. Our experts are glad to help prepare the necessary documentation and answer any other questions regarding transport between the EU and UK. As an accredited AEO (Authorized Economic Operator), cargo-partner can ensure speedy customs processes. With our extensive network throughout Europe, we can take over coordination with all involved companies and authorities in the local language. In addition, we provide a range of express transport services by air and road transport.

For more information, visit our website or contact us for a detailed consultation!

Best regards,

cargo-partner | transport + iLogistics

The impacts of the coronavirus have led to capacity shortages in transport between China and Europe. Many companies are looking for alternatives to secure the delivery of important shipments. In contrast to air, road and sea transport, rail transport from China remains a relative “island of stability”, as it has been largely unaffected by anti-epidemiological measures. Moreover, this method of transport provides significantly shorter transit times compared to seafreight.

Rail transport is suitable for a range of products including automotive, fashion and high tech goods, from machines to components and raw materials. There are a few products which cannot be transported by rail, including perishable goods and dangerous goods such as batteries or explosives. Since rail transport is up to 50% faster than seafreight and up to 60% more cost-efficient than airfreight, it is not surprising that an increasing number of companies choose this alternative. The low CO₂ footprint is a welcome side-effect.

cargo-partner offers weekly rail transport solutions for part-load (LCL) shipments with transit times from 18 to 22 days from China to Europe. We have been organizing full and part load container transports between Asia and Europe by rail for over half a decade and have a long-standing reputation as a provider of rail transports across the New Silk Road. In addition, we also have experience with organizing block trains – entire trains dedicated to freight transport.

With our dense network of hubs throughout China as well as Central and Eastern Europe, we can provide a door-to-door solution. Our service includes distribution and storage with a range of value added services such as stuffing, unloading, palletizing and securing of containers as well as comprehensive customs clearance support and expertise in China and Europe. Modern GSM tracking tools ensure transparency throughout the supply chain.

Would you like to know more about how you can save time and costs with rail transport across the New Silk Road? Our rail transport experts look forward to hearing from you.

Best regards,

cargo-partner | transport + iLogistics

One major concern of pet owners is how to organize transport for their pets when traveling or relocating. If the destination is relatively close, pet owners can bring their dogs, cats or other small pets by car. However, when traveling by plane, they will require the help of a transport and logistics expert to organize air transportation.

The first step is to ensure that all required documents are available. Since the requirements and procedures vary from country to country, we recommend planning early and contacting your logistics provider at least 14 days in advance. The required documents usually include veterinary documents such as a pet passport and current health certificate. Some countries require a rabies blood test, the “titar test”, which has to be taken at least 30 days after rabies vaccination.

As a “pet-friendly forwarder”, cargo-partner has a dedicated team with many years of experience in the transport of live animals. We offer detailed advice and organize the entire transport process to make sure everything goes smooth and hassle-free for the pets and their owners: from booking the flight with the airline to handling the acceptance of the pet in the cargo area, overseeing the boarding process, handling in transit and finally arrival at the destination. On request, we can also provide IATA-compliant travel kennels and trained staff to accompany pets during the flight. We take care to monitor all steps closely, because we know that many of our customers consider their pets to be family members.

For transports of live animals to and from Serbia, customers can visit the website of the relevant ministry to find out about all required documentation or simply get in touch with cargo-partner’s specialized team.

Contact your “pet-friendly forwarder” to find out more!

Best regards,

cargo-partner | transport + iLogistics

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